Did you know that in the office of President of the United States coincide the same powers that in Italy are split between the President of the Republic and of the Council? And did you know that in 1929 there had been a crisis of global proportions similar to today? A crisis of overproduction combined with financial speculation led to the crisis of ’29. Collapsed the stock titles in the Wall Street stock market. It had a heavy impact on the U.S. economy and the effects reached the shores of Europe.
In ’33 was elected President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (the only one to be re-elected four times, driving the country from ’33 to ’45). He had in front of him about 13 million of unemployed people. The 32nd president had faced personal vicissitudes: he was struck by polio that left him paralyzed and not self-sufficient. The fight against the disease to recover normality marked his character, making it tough and determined. Roosevelt embodied the face of an America that wanted to resurrect. He implemented an effective internal policy to allow the country out of depression. He traced the lines of the New Deal, the new course to be offered to the country. The winning formula was the innovative concept of “state employer”. The recovery program consisted in the creation of welfare state that would guarantee citizens basic goods and a minimum level of income. Were promoted large public works (bridges, dams, canals) run by organizations Feds. So the state would absorb the unemployment and increase industrial supplies. It was determined a growth of production and of workers. It provided for a gradual U.S. exit from the crisis. One of the great public works aimed at creating jobs was a bridge, the Golden Gate Bridge. It is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the strait that connects the San Francisco Bay with the Pacific Ocean. Connects the northern tip of San Francisco peninsula with the southern part of the Marin County where there’s the small coastal town of Sausalito. It was erected in this years and ended in ’37. It’s one of the masterpieces of the New Deal and of modern architecture. That bridge, stamped on countless films, it’s my passion and now I share it with you.
But in Italy we have never had someone who looked like F. D. Roosevelt?
In the image: since 1946, the portrait of Roosevelt appears on the obverse of the ten cents coin, the Dime, nickname of a ten cents coin.
Source: “La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno”, an italian newspaper, March 17, 2012, p. 40.