The USA is not the same thing as America! America refers to the whole continent and includes North, South and Central America. It stretches from Canada to Argentina.
The USA’s national symbol is the bald eagle. It is a symbol of freedom, strength and victory.
The USA has more than six million kilometres of road – more than any other country – and Los Angeles has the greatest density of traffic.
The first inhabitants of the USA were the Native Americans.
The USA’s flag is called the Stars and Stripes. There are 50 stars on it, one for each state in the union, and 13 stripes which symbolize the original 13 states.
The USA’s national motto is In God We Trust. But every state has a motto that reflects some of its history and ethnic heritage.
The Star Spangled Banner is the national anthem of the USA, but most of the states have at least one state song.
Hamburgers and hot dogs are the favourite food in the USA. On average, every American eats more than 200 hamburgers each year.
Alaska is separated from the other states by Canada. Situated north of Canada, it is huge, with fewer people than any other state. Part of it is covered with snow, ice and glaciers. But it also has vast forests, and modern cities. It is an important oil producing region. Mount McKinley, the highest mountain in North America, is in Alaska. The Inuit (Eskimo) people live here.
The Pacific West
States: California, Washington, Oregon, Nevada.
It is a rich region with rocky coasts, high mountains, fertile valleys and thick rain forests with tall trees. Many people visit California for its mild climate, and Hollywood is the home of many movie stars, despite the risk of earthquakes.
States: Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma.
An area of contrasts, with dry, hostile desert areas, and wide open plains. The Grand Canyon in Arizona is one of the most magnificent sights in the world. Texas, famous for its cowboys and rodeos, is also an important oil- and gas- producing region and has many big cattle ranches.
Hawaii is about
from the coast of California.
People live on seven of These 130 beautiful, sub-tropical islands in the Pacific. Volcanoes formed these islands millions of years ago and some are still active. It is a popular tourist destination.
States: Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky.
The states of the South once formed a separate union and fought a war with the northern states in the 19th century. One reason for the war was that the South wanted to keep slavery. Many black people live and work here — their ancestors were brought from Africa as slaves to work on the tobacco and cotton plantations. New Orleans was originally a French city, and it is still famous for its Mardi Gras carnival and jazz music.
The Rocky Mountain region
States: Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado.
This spectacular region with its high peaks, deserts and river canyons, is visited by millions of tourists, particularly for winter sports. There are several national parks, which are famous for their dramatic scenery and wildlife.
States: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio.
This is the USA’s, most important agricultural region with large farms, cattle and sheep ranches and massive fields of corn, oats, wheat and soya beans. But it is also the heart of industrial production, particularly around the Great Lakes. Detroit is the main centre for the automobile industry.
States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont.
There are six New England states. Many of the original settlers came here from England, including the Pilgrim Fathers, who first settled in Massachusetts. This region is well known for its beautiful scenery and the colour of its leaves in the fall.
Mid Atlantic region
States: West Virginia, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Virginia.
It is a very heavily populated and industrialized area with a lot of big titles, although Virginia is famous for its scenery. Washington DC is the capital of the USA where the American president lives and works. New York, the biggest city in the USA, is known as the 'melting pot' for its incredible mix of different nationalities.
Sunny weather, sandy beaches and interesting places like the Everglades National Park with its alligators, the Kennedy Space Center and Disneyworld attract millions of tourists to the peninsula of Florida — the Sunshine State. Many Americans choose to retire here.
Source: Excursion, an old Italian book.