During the reign of the Catholic King James I the Puritans were persecuted because they wanted to purify the English Church. In September
1620 a group of them, being
tired of persecution, sailed from the port of Plymouth on board the Mayflower,
a three-masted ship. These Puritans, called The
Pilgrim Fathers, were in search of a new land to settle in. It was a very
long and difficult voyage across the stormy Atlantic Ocean and many times the
ship was on the point of sinking. Nine weeks later, the Pilgrims reached Cape Cod
in North America. That spot was rocky and bare but some Pilgrims went ashore
all the same, hoping to find a good place where to live. One month later, those
who had landed discovered a good natural harbour where all the Pilgrims settled
at last. The colony they founded was named New Plymouth. Many other English
colonies were funded after this one and all of them were called New England.
These settlers together with others coming from many European countries were
the founders of the United States of America.